Clavus

Coronant et publicos ordines laureis publicae causae, magistratus vero insuper aureis, ut Athenis, ut Romae. Superferuntur etiam illis Etruscae. hoc vocabulum est coronarum quas
gemmis et foliis ex auro quercinis ab Iove insignes ad deducendas tensas cum palmatis togis sumunt. sunt et provinciales aureae, imaginum pro numero capita maiora quaerentes. sed tui ordines et tui magistratus et ipsum curiae nomen ecclesia est Christi. illius es concriptus in libris vitae. illic purpurae tuae sanguis Domini, et clavus latus in cruce ipsius; illic secures, ad caudicem iam arboris positae; illic virgae ex radice Iesse.
(Tertullian, De Corona Militis 13.1-2)

For state reasons, the various orders of the citizens also are crowned with laurel crowns; but the magistrates besides with golden ones, as at Athens, and at Rome. Even to those are preferred the Etruscan. This appellation is given to the crowns which, distinguished by their gems and oak leaves of gold, they put on, with mantles having an embroidery of palm branches, to conduct the chariots containing the images of the gods to the circus. There are also provincial crowns of gold, needing now the larger heads of images instead of those of men. But your orders, and your magistracies, and your very place of meeting, the church, are Christ’s. You belong to Him, for you have been enrolled in the books of life. (Philippians 4:3) There the blood of the Lord serves for your purple robe, and your broad stripe is His own cross; there the axe is already laid to the trunk of the tree (Matthew 3:10); there is the branch out of the root of Jesse (Isaiah 11:1). (tr. Sidney Thelwall)

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